Sharing its border with three South Indian states Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, Mudumalai tiger reserve is one of the most visited reserve forest in South India. The reserve is spread over 321 square kilometers in the Nilgiri District of Tamil Nadu. It shares its boundaries with Wayanad wildlife sanctuary on the west, Bandipur tiger reserve on the North, Nilgiri North division on the Southeast and Gudallur Forest division on the Southwest. All these conserved areas are part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. This is the first Biosphere reserve in India and it was declared during 1986. The reserve forms a large conservative landscape for flagship species such as Tiger and Asian Elephants,
As per the Forest survey assessment of 2009, the reserve has 47.05 square kilometers of dense forest, 214.98 square kilometers of moderately dense forest and 56.16 square kilometers of open forest. The reserve experiences a moderate climate throughout the year. Elephant grass, giant variety of bamboo, valuable timber species like teak and rosewood are the common flora seen in the reserve. The common fauna includes, tiger, elephant, Indian gaur, panther, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, mouse deer, Hyena, common langur, Malabar giant squirrel, mangoose, wild dog, jungle cat etc. The reserve is home to more than 260 species of birds. These includes, Malabar grey hornbill and pied hornbill, Malabar laughing thrush, frog mouths, a variety of woodpeckers, Malabar whistling thrush, peacock and jungle fowl. Hornbills play an important role in dispersal of seeds.
How to reach?
Reception center of the Mudumalai forest reserve is located at Theppakad. This is about 240 km from Bangalore (Karnataka), 90 km from Mysore (Karnataka), 68 km from Ooty (Tamil Nadu) and 124 km from Calicut (Kerala). The nearest railway station is at Ooty (68 km of hill track) and Mysore (about 100 km). The nearest towns with necessary facilities are Masinagudi (7 km) and Gudallur (15 km). Considering the danger for the public and the wildlife night traffic (from 10.00 pm to 6.00 am) through the roads to Theppakad is prohibited by the state governments. So it is advised to plan your journey accordingly.