The Mudumalai national park and wildlife sanctuary is located at the Nilgiri district of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu. The north-western side of Nilgiri hills is covered by the Mudumalai sanctuary which has also declared as a tiger reserve. The sanctuary is separated into five different ranges – Masinagudi, Theppakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi, and Nellakota.
Mudumalai is a significant wildlife territory as it serves the wildlife passage between many other protected zones. This makes an indispensable part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. North Pole of Mudumalai is mounded with Bandipur National Park and Nagarhole National Park. The south corner is attached with Mukurthi national park and Silent Valley National Park. And to the western side lies the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.
This protected zone is a perfect home to several animals, which include endangered and vulnerable species as well. The sanctuary holds a vast variety of fauna with about 227 species of birds, 50 species of fish, 34 species of reptiles, 21 species of amphibians, and 55 species of mammals. Considering the population of mammal species in overall India, Mudumalai contributes 13 percent of it.
Flora of the Mudumalai reserve is also considerable. There are three major types of forests in the reserve; tropical moist deciduous, tropical dry deciduous, and tropical dry throne forest. In addition to it, the tropical semi-evergreen forest can also be found. Usually, the annual rainfall here hits 2000 mm.
It is a best place to plan excursions as it will be helpful in learning flora and fauna more closely. For excursions, better include Bandipur National Park, Wayanad Sanctuary, and Masinagudi. And for the travelers, some of the tourist attractions in Mudumalai are Moyar river, Moyar river gorge, elephant feeding camp, Madumalai museum, Kallatty falls, Pyaraka lake etc. The months between June and December are the suitable time of the year to visit here. Early mornings can provide diverse sighting of wildlife. The park is usually closed in summer.
The nearest airport is Coimbatore Airport; about 160 km drive to Mudumalai. If you are fond of train journeys, Ooty is the nearest railway station and it takes only 64 km from Ooty. And if you are an adventure lover and prefer a ride, the nearest city is Gudallur. The park is well connected to all the nearest cities by road network. Plan the wonderful nature trip and be ready to escape into the beauty of Mudumalai.
Sharing its border with three South Indian states Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, Mudumalai tiger reserve is one of the most visited reserve forest in South India. The reserve is spread over 321 square kilometers in the Nilgiri District of Tamil Nadu. It shares its boundaries with Wayanad wildlife sanctuary on the west, Bandipur tiger reserve on the North, Nilgiri North division on the Southeast and Gudallur Forest division on the Southwest. All these conserved areas are part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. This is the first Biosphere reserve in India and it was declared during 1986. The reserve forms a large conservative landscape for flagship species such as Tiger and Asian Elephants,
As per the Forest survey assessment of 2009, the reserve has 47.05 square kilometers of dense forest, 214.98 square kilometers of moderately dense forest and 56.16 square kilometers of open forest. The reserve experiences a moderate climate throughout the year. Elephant grass, giant variety of bamboo, valuable timber species like teak and rosewood are the common flora seen in the reserve. The common fauna includes, tiger, elephant, Indian gaur, panther, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, mouse deer, Hyena, common langur, Malabar giant squirrel, mangoose, wild dog, jungle cat etc. The reserve is home to more than 260 species of birds. These includes, Malabar grey hornbill and pied hornbill, Malabar laughing thrush, frog mouths, a variety of woodpeckers, Malabar whistling thrush, peacock and jungle fowl. Hornbills play an important role in dispersal of seeds.
How to reach?
Reception center of the Mudumalai forest reserve is located at Theppakad. This is about 240 km from Bangalore (Karnataka), 90 km from Mysore (Karnataka), 68 km from Ooty (Tamil Nadu) and 124 km from Calicut (Kerala). The nearest railway station is at Ooty (68 km of hill track) and Mysore (about 100 km). The nearest towns with necessary facilities are Masinagudi (7 km) and Gudallur (15 km). Considering the danger for the public and the wildlife night traffic (from 10.00 pm to 6.00 am) through the roads to Theppakad is prohibited by the state governments. So it is advised to plan your journey accordingly.
Located at the Northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills, The Mudumalai National Park is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in the Nilgiri Reserve Biosphere. It is located in the Nilgiri district, about 150 kilometers away from the city of Coimbatore. The National Park shares its boundaries with the states of Kerala and Karnataka.
The sanctuary is divided into five ranges; Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Karagudi and Nellakota. This highly protected forest area is home to a vast verity of endangered and vulnerable species including, Indian elephant, Bengal tiger, Gaur, Indian leopard, Indian white rumped vulture, and Long billed vulture. The entire area of the National park, which is included in the Western Ghats Nilgiri sub cluster, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a “World Heritage Site”.
Safari in Mudumalai
Safari is one of the most intriguing experiences in Mudumalai. Walking or safari using private vehicles is not allowed inside the park. The visitors can rent the forest department vehicles and guides and travel through the forest. The visitors can also take a safari through the forest upon an elephants. This gives the visitors a unique opportunity to see and observe the wild animals in their natural habitat. The timings are from 6 AM to 8 PM for the usual safari and 3 PM to 5 PM for one hour ride through the forest. The visitors taking the first safari ride after 6 AM have more chances of spotting wild animals. Safari timing and charges are indicative and are subjective to change and revision due to various reasons. Various factors like bad weather, non-availability of vehicles or other resources, etc can adversely affect your visit. Safari ride is on first come first serve basis, so it is better to call the Forest department initially and plan your trip accordingly.
The best time to visit is from January to June. During this time period wild animals come to watering holes and lakes to extinguish their thirst. The chances of finding animals near such water bodies are higher during this season. The presence of migratory birds also makes the season best for the visitors. Safari is not recommended during the period from June to August, since the heavy down pour can cause many adversities.
The nearest airport is the Coimbatore international airport. You can either book a cab or use a public transport facility to travel around 160 km to reach the park. The nearest railway station is at Ooty, 64 km away from the park. The nearest town is Gudallur. The town is well connected to major cities like Mysore, Bangalore and Coimbatore. There are numerous transport facilities at Gudallur that will take you to the national park.
Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary is one of the most sought-after destinations of Tamil Nadu. The sanctuary located amidst the enchanting Nilgiri hills and shares its border with wildlife sanctuaries of Kerala as well as Tamil Nadu. The wildlife sanctuary is an established tiger reserve and it is contagious to the Bandipur national park and Wayanad wildlife sanctuary. As the name, “Mudumalai” suggests it is one of the oldest sanctuaries in the country with exotic flora and fauna. Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary is home to a variety of wild animals and almost 13 percentages of wild animals present in the country are present in the sanctuary. Another attracting feature of the sanctuary is the rare avian population inhabiting the area. Avian population includes many colorful migratory birds from different parts of the world. The green picturesque landscape of the sanctuary enhances the beauty of the location.
Activities at Mudumalai
Activities at Mudumalai include jungle lodging, mountain trekking, bird watching, jungle safari, and elephant safari. The most common activity at the spot is sighting animals at their natural habitat. Animals present in the area include elephants, leopards, tigers, sambhars, mouse deer etc. you should not miss the opportunity to observe the wild animals in their natural residence. There are different facilities available for animal sighting. No private vehicles are allowed inside the park but there are vehicles provided by the park authority. Walking inside the park is also prohibited since there are several wild animals wandering inside the jungle.
What are the different types of safaris available?
- Van safari: A van service provided by the park and you will get 30 minutes to roam around the sanctuary. Open and closed vans are available.
- Private jeep safari: Private jeeps are not facilitated by the park, therefore, the jeeps cannot enter into the park. Instead, it goes through the road around the park. It depends on the availability of jeep drivers near the park.
- Elephant safari: the main attraction of the tourist spot is the elephant safari provided by the park authority. It is the most favorite safari of tourists from different parts of the globe.
Where can I get the pass for elephant safari?
Thepakadu is the entrance of the park and the main office of the park is located at Thepakadu. Passes are distributed from the entrance and elephants are accommodated in the Thepakadu elephant camp.
What is the timing of the elephant safari?
The park is open from morning 7 to evening 6 throughout the week. The elephant safari is available from 7 am to 8:30 am and, 3:30 pm to 5 pm. If you are going specifically for the elephant safari you should reach half an hour prior to the safari starting since the demand is too high.
How much is the charging for elephant safari?
A group of four people can go for a single safari and it costs INR 100 per head. The safari lasts for 30 minutes and it covers 15 km inside the park.
Is it safe to go for elephant safari?
Animals and the drivers are trained efficiently for the safari. There is no much risk associated with the safari but it is a bit adventurous. Go for the safari since you should go for some adventures to experience the efficiency of your adrenal gland.
What is the advantage of elephant safari?
Unlike vehicles elephants are born in the forest therefore, elephants reach the spots where the vehicles fail to reach. You can imagine the beauty of watching other animals by sitting on another wild animal. In one word it’s majestic.
Nestled on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills, Mudumalai is one of the most sought after tourist destination of Tamil Nadu. Mudumalai is bestowed with fascinating greenery, gushing rivers, cascades, and rich wildlife. The salubrious climate of Mudumalai attracts people from different part of the globe independent of the season. Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary is an integral part of Nilgiri biosphere reserve and contagious to Wayanad wildlife sanctuary. Mudumalai serves as a corridor between other important protected areas and this makes Mudumalai an essential part of Nilgiri biosphere reserve. Mudumalai shares border with Kerala as well as Karnataka, this peculiarity makes the place so popular and accessible to many people. If you have plans to visit Mudumalai a two-three days trip is more preferred since you can also visit several other tourist spots like Wayanad, Bandipur, and Ooty. There are luxurious resorts settled amidst the captivating greenery of rainforest to stay at Mudumalai.
- Jungle lodging at Mudumalai
To run away from the hustle and bustle of city life you should definitely go for a family trip to a tranquil place. A pristine forest will never fail to bring you eternal peace. There are different types of accommodations available inside the forest and this includes hilltop cottages, jungle log houses, valley view cabins, and luxurious Kenyan tents. Night camping in a tent in the middle of a forest surrounded by animals is an adventurous and a reviving experience.
- Jungle safari at Mudumalai National park
Mudumalai national park is an ideal home to rare species of flora and fauna. It is the best and safe place for spotting endangered and vulnerable animal and bird species in their natural habitat. The rare species include Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, white-rumped vulture, long-billed vulture, Indian elephant, and others.
- Mountain trekking
Trekking places in Mudumalai are best for beginners as well as experts in mountain trekking. The picturesque beauty of the place is the best ingredient to enhance the thrill of trekking. Tourist guide service is available in restaurants and guides will help you to visit best places in best time.
- Elephant safari
You can hire an elephant from Theppakkadu elephant camp for elephant safari and you can also play with calves in the camp.
- Visit Pykara Lake
Pykara is an isolated and serene lake located amidst a deep dark forest. The captivating beauty of the dam, lake, falls and the forest calls you back to the place. Boat and trekking facilities are available near the lake.
- Waterhole visit
In Mudumalai, you have the opportunity to safely observe the movements animal wandering in the wild. You can also enjoy the beauty of observing groups of animals drinking water from the waterholes.
- Visit the plantation
Every traveler will have a never-ending love for the sprawling tea and coffee plantation. In Mudumalai, you can cycle through the plantation in the early misty morning with your loved ones.
- Bird watching
Mudumalai is rich with numerous bird species and guided bird watching is one of the best things that you can do at Mudumalai. There are 350 bird species including sedentary and migratory birds. The birds listed in this sanctuary are Peacock, Grey Jungle Fowl, Red Spur Fowl, Grey Partridge Quails, Spotted Babbler, Malabar Whistling Thrush, Magpie-robin, Large Racket-Tailed Dronge, Small Green Barbet, Green Pigeons, Grey Hornbill, Bulbuls, etc.
- Adventurous tasks inside the jungle
Resorts in Mudumalai are well equipped with many adventures to give you adrenalin bump and enjoy your time with your family. There are several adventurous tasks like Coracle ride, Kayaking, Zipline, monkey crawling, floating bridge and hammock climbing.
I love not man the less, but nature more – Lord Byron
Packed by all the pleasure and joy that nature can provide, Wayanad is one of the most thrilling explorations in Kerala. Located 2100 meters above the sea level in the picturesque mountains of the Western Ghats, Wayanad is blessed with plantations, forests and a vast variety of wildlife. Deep inside its forests, there are places and lives which reflect the pristine beauty of nature and human culture which are now strange for the modern world.
The geography and climate which holds every glory of the Western Ghats is the prime peculiarity of this mountain district. Thick fog and drizzling rain will accompany the visitors through their journey to the top. The forest and weather manifest its absolute beauty during south-west monsoon and in the following winter. So this time period ranging from June to January is considered the ideal time for visiting Wayanad.
Terrains rugged with lofty edges and thick evergreen forests make Wayanad a favorite destination for trekkers and backpackers. Some of the major trekking spots are Chembra peak, Pakshipathalam, Banasura, and Brahmagiri peak. Climbing 2100 kilometers above sea level Chembra peak is the highest peak in Wayanad with a heart-shaped lake on the way to the peak.
Pakshipathalam located at an elevation of 1740 meters and is heaven for bird watchers and photographers. Banasura hill scores the position of the second highest peak in Wayanad. This is known for the panoramic misty view of nature. Brahmagiri peak shares the borders of Kodagu district as well as Wayanad, Which is about 1608 meter high.
Most of the wild ecosystem in Wayanad is strictly protected and preserved. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is a proper example for this. It was established in 1973, with the explicit objective of preserving the biological heritage of the district. The region consists of a wide variety of fauna and flora. Management of the sanctuary is based on scientific conservation with a suitable consideration to the common lifestyle of the tribes and others, whose lives are depended on the forest. Wildlife tours in Wayanad are not limited to this sanctuary. There is Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, Bird Sanctuary in the north Wayanad, Tiger valley etc.
Wayanad is the only district in Kerala, which shares its boundary with two other states, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. This makes Wayanad one of the easily reachable destinations from both of the states. For the Karnataka travelers, it is advisable to take Bangalore – Wayanad route, which is about 287.2 kilometers. Preferably choose a slow night ride. If you start late at night, you can easily reach Wayanad by the next day evening.
I love not man the less, but nature more, Said Byron. It’s not just poetic insanity. Once you experience the beauty of nature, feel the icy water, shiver in those chilling breeze, and ponder to wonder in the endless shades of green, it will be hard for you to love something else. Wayanad is such a tourist spot to leave you insane with everlasting memories of nature. Come, Explore and experience.
Want to enjoy a chillyweekend escaping from the scorching city summer? You wish to spend a peaceful week insulated from machineries and back breaking office schedules? Wayanad is one of the best tourist locations to go enshrouded in the mystique of nature to have a soul-cleansing experience. Wayanad is a district situated inthe north eastof Kerala.Blessed with picturesque natural charm and lush greenery, Wayanad delivers everlasting experience of eco-tourism.The enchanting beauty of Wayanad is spell binding for an outsider. Tortuous hill roads, jagged tors that kiss azure sky, desolate passes and pristine forests will take you on a whirlwind tour to mighty manifestations of nature. Tourists whohad spent a week in Wayanad would agree that you would come back by shrugging out the overwhelming lethargy of urban living.
Apart from the scenic beauty, Wayanad offers myriad of historic destinations that satiate the inquisitive mind of any historian. Twenty four kilometers from Kalpetta, there lay an ancient architectural wonder, the Batheri Jaina temple, built in the thirteenth century AD. Apart from its quirky past of existence as ammunition chamber of Tippu Sultan, this archaic temple mark the early influence of Jainism in Kerala. Another magnificent historic remains exist few miles apart from Kalpetta. It is the renowned Edakkal cave replete in vestiges of the Neolithic age. Cave paintings and excavated potteries substantiate the existence of civilization before five thousands of years.
Undulating hills of Wayanad clad in emerald canopy and shrouding mist provide you an unparalleled natural view. Many of these hills are abode to tribes such as Kurichya and Paniyar. It is surprising as to how these people hamstrung in the forest when the rest of the world embraced modernity. Kurichyas served as loyal warriors of King Pazassiraja in his revolt against the British. Kurichya’s innate association with jungle made them invincible against British. The treacherous green lush of Wayanad encapsulated nightmarish plight of British warriors. Trekking is therefore not only a fat-burner, but also a reminiscence of a bygone era in the melancholic hill stations. There are more tourist locations like Pookotlake, Meenmuttiwaterfalls and Kanthanpara falls which will enthrall any nature-lover.
Tourism of Kerala is inextricably associated with its culture and cuisine. Warm-hearted people along with mouth-watering cuisine will render ineffaceable memories about Kerala. Wayanad houses some of the finest resorts to cherish your best moments at affordable budget. Nestled in the canopy of trees, you can enjoy the beauty of forest life in tree houses. Think about a chilly morning, clad in blankets, sipping hot tea and slanting idly listening to the lullaby of nature. Tree houses of Wayanad give you a unique opportunity for you to enjoy thebeauty ofthe jungle life in safety.
Readingabove passage, are you anticipating a remote village which will give you a travel nightmare? The answer is a Big NO. Wayanad is one of the finest villages with easy access to Banks and ATMs. You can book stays at finest hotels through websites. If you prefer to enjoy Kerala lifestyle and cuisine, you can even book a home stay and blend in a family enjoying home-food and hospitality. So why late? Get ready with your back packs, trekking gears and Sweat shirts. Head on to Wayanad!
Wayanad, the major tourist destination in Kerala offers you a rare combination of different kinds of experiences. Wayanad is one of the most sought-after tourist spots of South India due to its fascinating greenery and salubrious climate. Lying in the midst of the Western Ghats, Wayanad entertains you with its captivating nature and adventurous tourist spots. The best thing about Wayanad is that you do not have to visit several districts or countries but a single district will exhilarate you in all possible ways. Wayanad is bestowed with gushing cascades, sprawling plantation, verdant forests, lofty hill station, rich wildlife and one of the tastiest cuisine in India known as Malabar cuisine. The most admired peculiarity of Wayanad is a large number of tribal in the area. There are 50 different tribes living in Wayanad. If you are enthusiastic about their lifestyle, you are provided with a facility to stay in a tree house or mud huts and observe their lifestyle. Resorts are available near almost all popular sites so that tourists can enjoy the nature by staying within it.
Wayanad shares border with Karnataka as well as Tamil Nadu and this makes the place most convenient for travelers. Forest of Wayanad is contiguous with Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu and Bandipur of Karnataka and this provides a wide forest area for wild animals to wander. Wayanad is conferred with several endangered species of animals as well as plants. Wayanad wildlife sanctuary consists of two wildlife sanctuaries named Tholpetty and Muthanga. Muthanga is an integral part of Nilgiri biosphere reserve and it is a part of project elephant. Muthanga is a best elephant-spotting site but still an adventurous site since you may encounter with elephants crossing the road while you travel. The forest department also arranges elephant safari for tourists to spot elephants safely. Tholpetty wildlife sanctuary treats you with lush greenery and provides you an opportunity to observe the wildlife so closely. One can see herds of deer, elephants, tigers, guars, the troop of monkeys, leopards, bears and some rare species of reptiles, butterflies, and birds. Forest management of these sanctuaries has to be followed in every other protected area since it is managed such that there is a close mutually inclusive association of tribes and wildlife.
Gushing waterfalls flowing through the green hills adds extra beauty to the stunning tourist spot. There are many waterfalls in the Wayanad district and people do not visit most of them, due to lack of proper information regarding the spots. Main tourist attraction of Wayanad is Meenmutty waterfalls the largest waterfall of Wayanad. To reach Meenmutty you may need to trek for a few minutes through the moist deciduous forest and the waterfalls is a bit dangerous. Another famous waterfall in Wayanad is Soochippara falls. Soochippara is located midst of dense forest and the place offers you trekking and rock climbing. Kanthanpara falls is a small waterfall located 20 km away from Kalpetta. Kanthanpara is famous because it is easy to access and it is safe for children. The main attraction of the site is the quaint nature surrounding the falls. Chethalayam falls is another spectacular site with the overflowing beauty of water as well as green forest. Chethalayam is just 12 km away from Sultan Bathery. Chembra peak is the most picturesque site of Wayanad and this place can help you to explore the passionate trekker inside you. Chembra peak is the popular site among tourist visiting Wayanad. Guides are always available in the area and you can get trekking equipment for rent. You have to trek at least 9 km to reach the top. There is a heart-shaped pond on the top of the Chembra peak locally known as “Hridaya Saras” and camping facilities are available near Hridaya Saras. The pristine beauty of Chembra peak is something that you should not miss.
Malabar cuisine is a must taste cuisine since it is rich with several spices. It has a broad spectrum of dishes that can attract anyone from any place. It mainly includes Malabar biriyani, putt, beef fry, Chatti pathiry, muttamala, chemmeen pathiry etc. most of the resorts have the best kitchen and eating a regional food in the climate is mandatory if you want to taste it completely. Plan trips properly so that you can include maximum sites. Use the opportunity to explore yourself and be the one living within nature.
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