The Mudumalai national park and wildlife sanctuary is located at the Nilgiri district of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu. The north-western side of Nilgiri hills is covered by the Mudumalai sanctuary which has also declared as a tiger reserve. The sanctuary is separated into five different ranges – Masinagudi, Theppakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi, and Nellakota.
Mudumalai is a significant wildlife territory as it serves the wildlife passage between many other protected zones. This makes an indispensable part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. North Pole of Mudumalai is mounded with Bandipur National Park and Nagarhole National Park. The south corner is attached with Mukurthi national park and Silent Valley National Park. And to the western side lies the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.
This protected zone is a perfect home to several animals, which include endangered and vulnerable species as well. The sanctuary holds a vast variety of fauna with about 227 species of birds, 50 species of fish, 34 species of reptiles, 21 species of amphibians, and 55 species of mammals. Considering the population of mammal species in overall India, Mudumalai contributes 13 per cent of it.
Flora of the Mudumalai reserve is also considerable. There are three major types of forests in the reserve; tropical moist deciduous, tropical dry deciduous, and tropical dry throne forest. In addition to it, the tropical semi-evergreen forest can also be found. Usually, the annual rainfall here hits 2000 mm.
It is the best place to plan excursions as it will be helpful in learning flora and fauna more closely. For excursions, better include Bandipur National Park, Wayanad Sanctuary, and Masinagudi. And for the travelers, some of the tourist attractions in Mudumalai are Moyar river, Moyar river gorge, elephant feeding camp, Madumalai museum, Kallatty falls, Pyaraka lake etc. The months between June and December are the suitable time of the year to visit here. Early mornings can provide diverse sighting of wildlife. The park is usually closed in summer.
The nearest airport is Coimbatore Airport; about 160 km drive to Mudumalai. If you are fond of train journeys, Ooty is the nearest railway station and it takes only 64 km from Ooty. And if you are an adventure lover and prefer a ride, the nearest city is Gudallur. The park is well connected to all the nearest cities by road network. Plan the wonderful nature trip and be ready to escape into the beauty of Mudumalai.