Edakkal cave is two large caves situated 1200 meters above the sea level, on the hilltop of ‘Ambukuthy mala’, in Wayanad. It is the only known place in India with Stone Age carvings. Edakkal cave is not only about exploring ancient beauty but also nature’s skill in architecture. A trip to Edkkal cave is literally a journey to our past. The name ‘Edakkal’ means ‘a stone in between’, as this cave is formed by a heavy boulder straddling on a fissure in the rock. Usually, people choose this place for trekking. Trekking to the majestic ‘Ambukuthi hills’ is an unforgettable experience. The aroma of coffee stays with you the entire way.
ANCIENT BEAUTY OF THE CAVE
Edakkal caves are famous for its pictorial paintings (cave paintings), which are considered to have existed since 6000 B C. Inside the cave you can see carvings belonging to the Neolithic and Mesolithic age. Carvings of humans, animals, and objects used by humans are scribbled on the rock walls of the cave. Along with these pictorial carvings, there is also Tamil and Brahmin Script in the historic walls of the cave. Edakkal cave is said to have some links with Indus Valley Civilization also. Around 400 signs were discovered in the cave, which had shown its relationship with the ancient civilization. Prominent among them was ‘a man with a jar cup’. They all have archaeological significance and are very much interesting. These carvings are profound evidence for a highly civilized society lived in the pre-historic age. Cave had two chambers. The upper chamber is 96 feet long, 22 feet wide and 18 feet high and the lower chamber is 18 feet long, 12 feet wide and 10 feet high. This mesmerizing beauty has drawn the great attention of archaeologists and historians worldwide. There are many mysterious stories behind the cave. One of the interesting stories is that the cave is formed with the arrows fired by Lava and Kusha, sons of Lord Rama. Another story is about KuttiChathan and the Goddess Mudiampilly. The local people used to have a pilgrimage trip to this place to honour
HOW TO REACH THE CAVE?
Edakkal caves are located in ‘Ambukuthi hills’, which is situated about 10 kilometers from Sulthanbathery and 25 kilometers away from Kalpetta in Wayanad district. The nearest railway station is Calicut railway station which is 97 kilometers from Sulthanbathery and the nearest airport is Calicut international airport about 23 kilometers from Kozhikode. You can reach the lower part of the ‘Ambukutty hills’ via bus or car and from there you have to climb the hills. Trekking through the ‘Ambukutty Mala’ will take around 45 minutes. From the midway of the hills, you can make use of the jeeps arranged by the DTPC. To enter the caves, there is a reasonable entry fee. The visiting time to Edakkal caves is from morning 9:30 to evening 4:30.